Special Operation Event guidelines
Covering Military and Special Operations in IVAO
Special operation is currently covering a large part of IVAO operations. The way of how it is embedded and organized it’s not a discussable. We believe that the way SO should operate is close as it gets to reality. Of course with obeying the prime SO directive;
To keep the joy of flying in combination with military ops is our target and to gives fellow pilots and ATC members a hobby to their abilities but also a hobby with educational highlights.
Categorization of Military and Special Operations:
All military and special operations in IVAO are broken down into four fundamental categories, A and B, 1,2 and 3. These categories have been established to allow simple definition of what constitutes military and special operations and further establishes the rules and regulations that govern the manner in which they may be undertaken. Further statements within these rules and regulations also establish departmental and divisional conventions for creation, overseeing, regulation and clearance of military/specops events, exercises and training.
Category A and B defines all military/special operations activities in IVAO as follows, although IVAO recognizes that activities may occasionally cross between these definitions:
Category A (Cat A) General Operations:
Fire-fighting, Police, Coastguard, Shipwreck and SAR, Medical and Casualty Evacuation, VIP flights with escorts, Humanitarian flights, Fly-Ins with military aircraft, Logistical (military or strategic) transport, CIMIC
Category B (Cat B) Military Operations:
Formation flights, Air-to-Air Refueling, Shipborne and Aircraft Carrier Practices, Low-level Flights, CAP flights, tactical transport, AWACs simulations, Reconnaissance flights, Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground Operations.
Category 1 and 2 defines the way in which these activities take place, who is responsible for them, together with the rules and guidelines that are applicable:
Category 1 (Cat 1) Official SO Events:
This definition applies to those formal occasions where a division or group of divisions invites members or groups of members to participate in SO events, for which participation the members will receive SO points towards the granting of SO Pilot or SO Controller Awards. Clearances for these events must be sought from the Special Operations Department at IVAO-HQ and details of how to obtain these clearances can be found on the SO site. Requesting a proper timeslot for the event is time driven therefore due to all actions to be done in time.
Category 2 (Cat 2) Training Exercises:
This definition was brought into being to allow a framework to be set in place under which semi-formal and informal training exercises may be undertaken at Divisional level by members or groups of members without having to seek clearances from the Special Operations Department at IVAO-HQ. These activities are not regarded as "formal events" as defined in Category 1 and therefore members will not receive SO points for participation in Category 2 training/exercises. In order to prevent abuse or misuse of this new freedom, divisional officers are required to undertake and adhere to rules and regulations.
Category 3 (Cat 3) D.A.R.T.:/ V.E.S.P.A.:
The military created DART (disaster & response team) in 1996 because of its experience in Rwanda two years earlier, when international relief organizations arrived too late to save thousands of people from a cholera epidemic.
That convinced the federal government it needed to be able to respond more quickly. Since then, DART has helped disaster victims in Turkey, Honduras, Sri Lanka and, most recently, Pakistan, after the October 2005 earthquake. In short delivering AID to those needed it most.
VESPA (very special agency operations) is the part of operations where military involvement is needed for search and rescue in the end of the spectrum. Like Search and rescue missions in close collaboration with coast guard, UNHCR, red cross etc.
This Cat 3 type event would be approved as official event for SO point and also as not official event without point.
note :The rationale to add DART and VESPA into SO is due to the spectrum of flying nobody is formerly doing at IVAO but there’s potential.
Category 2 (Cat 2) Training Exercises:
Rule 1: All Cat 2 training flights/exercises MUST take place inside a training area set aside in the division for that purpose.
Rule 2: The divisions should research and establish permanent training areas.
Rule 3: The training areas MUST be agreed in advance between the divisional director, the divisional SOC, the divisional AOC/FOC and any other relevant divisional officers and set out in a divisional document. A copy of the document must be sent to the SO Department at HQ.
Rule 4: Divisions may also establish temporary restricted areas (TRA) for specific exercises, but the details of the TRA must be placed in the NOTAMS section of the divisional website. Please see the definitions and uses of temporary airspaces below.
Rule 5: The details of the permanent training areas must be published on the SO page of the division website.
Rule 6: Where possible, the training areas should be the same as in the real-world in respect of location, geographical limits, altitudes and regulations for crossing by GAT aircraft.
Rule 7: Sector files should be modified to show the military training areas.
Rule 8: In all cases ATC must be provided to oversee operations within the training area and to allow safe passage of GAT aircraft. Please see the rules concerning ATC and AWACs below.
Rule 9: A maximum of 2 SOG's only may take part in Cat 2 training exercises.
Rule 10: At no time is it permitted for aircraft involved in training to interfere with GAT aircraft.
Rule 11: It is the responsibility of the divisional SOC to check that the assigned military training areas are being used correctly. However, HQ staff from the SO Department will occasionally check on training to ensure that these regulations are being enforced.
Rule 12: SO points are NOT awarded for Cat 2 exercises/training.
Temporary Airspaces--Definitions and Use
TRA : Temporary Reserved Airspace
TSA : Temporary Segregated Airspace
The difference between a TRA and TSA is that a TSA is fully separated for participants and non-participant traffic inside the area.
A TRA may be crossed by non-participant traffic under specified terms.
The use of an TRA or TSA shall be restricted to a minimum.
The use of an TRA or TSA shall only be used, when ATC is available, or if there are no preferential GAT routes through the TRA/TSA.
When there are no flights inside a TRA/TSA the airspace will automatically be deactivated.
TRA's and TSA's may only be established within controlled airspaces. This to avoid OAT interfering with GAT.
During a SO event, the use of a TRA must be published on the division home page to inform GAT pilots.
Also notice this with the clearance request.
Outside TRA/TSA there will be no priority for OAT over GAT.
Normal IFR and VFR rules have to be observed.
Unless the division has specified military routes, corridors or windows for OAT and arrangements.
During SO events that require the use of TRA/TSA, specified ATC is needed for that TRA/TSA area.
Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA)
Means assign airspace to traffic on a dynamic way.
It can only be given by ATC and it is for a period of time only.
FUA is not more then a open specified part of an airspace were traffic can fly through in a strait line.
The use of a TRA/TSA may not be more then necessary.
Air Traffic Control (ATC)
During SO there must be ATC available at all times during the event.
Specified military ATC and civilian ATC must be conducted.
Military ATC for OAT, and civilian ATC for GAT.
Both ATC positions must inform each other if traffic wants to cross GAT/OAT routes and airspaces.
Both ATC positions can approve or deny this request.
If denied, the requested ATC station must re-route the requested aircraft.
Military ATC stations need to use the normal IVAO database ICAO code as identifier.
This may be used only during events ! Specified clearance for approval must be giving by the SOD.
Outside events, the normal IVAO database callsign must be used.
The use of AWACs for training purposes (Cat 2) is acceptable providing the AWACs controller a) does NOT interfere with a controller who is already controlling the same airspace, or b) provides ATC Advisory for ALL aircraft within the area if there is no other controller in the area.
When you want to use an AWACS, during an event (Cat 1), please mention that within your clearance.
The pilot of the AWACS aircraft is not allowed to connect as ATC at the same time.
In order to establish AWACS control during a event, you need someone who will fly the AWACS aircraft within a orbit, and a individual person who provides the ATC service.
AWACS ATC services will use the callsign "MAGIC" during events and missions.
The specified ATC position ICAO code used for AWACS operations, must be the military CTR code, or the normal CTR code.
You will need to use the suffix "M" between it. This is only allowed during AWACS operations !